雅思阅读测试重点分析方法

发布时间:2013-09-29 10:42:24 来源:杭州朗阁培训中心 编辑:杭州朗阁小编
  IELTS测试的金玉良言就是:"所问所答"。首先,要完全了解问题的类型,及根据所提供的信息,再去回答问题。有的学生在参加完IELTS测试后...

 

  IELTS测试的金玉良言就是:"所问所答"。首先,要完全了解问题的类型,及根据所提供的信息,再去回答问题。有的学生在参加完IELTS测试后总感觉所得分数与自己估算的分数相差甚远,原因无它,就在于对问题理解不够彻底,因此,也就无法对所提问题做到精确回答。 

  阅读训练:争取每天阅读一定量的原版英文报刊、书籍,并非要读懂每一 个字,或完全理解,只要能理解其中大至含义既可。 可采取3:1的比例进行泛读与精读。

  下面,杭州朗阁为大家整理了雅思阅读的测试题,大家可以分析下。

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  我们举几道例题来说明其实很多不同的题型背后测试的阅读技能其实是一样的。

  剑三Test 3 Question 7-12

  这道题是一道Matching题,要考生去Match each exhibit with the collection types。而题目要求里面告诉我们题干中的each exhibit是选项中的collection types的具体例子(examples)。扫描题干和选项之后应该知道定位词应该是题干,因为题干中含有一些大写的装有名词,例如:Bolivian, Indian, Arctic 等。带着这些词回去定位,可以迅速找到是在文章的第三段当中。这个时候我们需要清楚地知道我们找到的这些exhibit是具体的例子,需要找到的是这些exhibit属于哪些collection types。也就是说这道题目是想测试我们通过例子找到其对应的主题。我们必须知道在雅思学术性阅读文章中,一般都会先说主题,再举具体的例子来支持这个主题,并往往会在主题和例子之间使用一些举例的连接词,例如for example, for instance, such as, like等等。了解这个阅读技能就能让我们在找到Bolivian textile这个例子的时候迅速往前扫读,关注一些举例连接词前面的某个词,往往主题也就是答案就在这个举例连接词的前面。果然,我们很快就可以在Bolivian textile这个词前面找到一个for instance,而且for instance前面有个破折号,破折号一般是用来表示展开说明作用的,所以破折号前面的那个名词短语technical series应该就是我们要搜寻的答案,迅速的扫描选项中果然有这个短语,那么这道题的答案就是technical series的首字母缩写TS。其他的题以此类推。

  再如剑五Test 1 Question 33

  这是一道选择题,题干是 The writer quotes from the Worldwide Fund for Nature to illustrate how

  A influential the mass media can be

  B effective environmental groups can be

  C the mass media can help groups raise funds

  D environmental groups can exaggerate their claims

  定位词肯定是大写的Worldwide Fund for Nature。根据这个定位词我们很快可以定位到是在文章的第五段当中的这句话:In 1997, for example, the Worldwide Fund for Nature issued a press release entitled: “Two thirds of the world’s forests lost forever.” The truth turns out to be nearer 20%。这道题是问引用了Worldwide Fund for Nature的话是为了illustrate(举例说明)什么。也就是说出题人的考察目的是希望我们能在原文中读出使用这个quote是为了说明什么观点。我们定位到的这句话是这个quote本身,quote其实也就是例证,一样都是为了说明的某个观点。原文这句话中的for example这个举例连接词就清晰地告诉了我们这个例子是为了说明前面一个观点。所以原文中的for example 前面的句子应该就是这道题的答案,往前一扫发现这么一句话:Understandably, perhaps, they sometimes overstate their arguments。再和选项匹配一下,我们就能发现这句话就是D选项的一个同义转述:they就是上文中提到的environmental groups,overstate就是题干中exaggerate的替换,而arguments就是题干中的claims。因此答案为D。

  The Games took place in August on the plain by Mount Olympus. Many thousands of spectators gathered from all parts of Greece, but no married woman was admitted even as a spectator. Slaves, women and dishonoured persons were not allowed to compete. The exact sequence of events is uncertain, but events included boys' gymnastics, horse-racing, field events such as discus and javelin throwing, and the very important foot races. There was also boxing and wrestling and special tests of varied ability such as the pentathlon, the winner of which excelled in running, jumping, discus and javelin throwing and wrestling. The evening of the third day was devoted to sacrificial offerings to the heroes of the day, and the fourth day, that of the full moon, was set aside as a holy day.

  On the sixth and last day, all the victors were crowned with holy garlands of wild olive from a sacred wood. So great was the honour that the winner of the foot race gave his name to the year of his victory. Although Olympic winners received no prize money, they were in fact richly rewarded by their state authorities. The public honour also made the strict discipline of the ten-month training period worthwhile. In spite of the lengthy training, however, runners were known to drop dead from strain at the winning post. How their results compared with modern standards, we unfortunately have no means of telling.

  After an uninterrupted history of almost 1,200 years the Games were abolished in A.D. 394, the Christian era, because of their pagan origin. It was over 1,500 years before there was another such international athletics gathering. The Greek institution was revived in 1896 and the first small meeting took place in Athens. After the 1908 London Olympics, success was re-established and nations sent their best representatives. In times of peace, the Games have taken place ever since at four-yearly intervals. In Munich in 1972, competitors from more than 120 countries were watched by huge crowds.

  Nowadays, the Games are held in different countries in turn. The host country provides vast facilities, including a stadium, swimming pools and living accommodation, but competing countries pay their own athletes' expenses. Athletic contests are still the main feature, but now many more sports are represented, women compete, the ancient pentathlon, for example, has been modified into a more comprehensive test, and the marathon races, initiated in 1896, are now a celebrated event.

  The Olympics start with the arrival in the stadium of a torch, lighted on Mount Olympus by the sun's rays. It is carried by a succession of runners to the stadium. The torch symbolizes the continuation of the ancient Greek athletic ideals, and it bums throughout the Games until the closing ceremony. The well-known Olympic flag, however, is a modem conception: the five interlocking rings symbolize the uniting of all five continents participating in the Games.


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