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雅思写作考试满分标准介绍

发布时间:2014-07-09 11:21:42 来源:杭州朗阁培训中心 编辑:杭州朗阁小编
  雅思小作文满分标准解读,雅思小作文满分标准主要包括三个点:  雅思小作文满分标准1---- Task Achievement  雅思小作文满分标准

   雅思小作文满分标准解读,雅思小作文满分标准主要包括三个点:

  雅思小作文满分标准1---- Task Achievement

  雅思小作文满分标准2---- Coherence and Cohesion

  雅思小作文满分标准3 ---- Lexical resource

  雅思小作文满分标准要点 1 ---- Task Achievement

  1.fully satisfies all the requirements of the task

  标准解读:

  考生在写作时首先要仔细阅读题干,读懂题目要求。小作文标题一般分两句话,第一句话介绍图表内容,第二句话提出要求。 一般要求都是:Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. 也就是说,写作时要做到两点:选择并总结出表格的主要特征,同时进行适当的比较分析。 考生如果只是列出一些图表信息,而不进行适当分析的话,则无法获得高分。

  2. clearly presents a fully developed response

  标准解读:

  (1)完整、有逻辑地谋篇布局。

  (2)写作目的清晰。

  (3)主要内容完整、切题、正确、有理有据: 考生要能自然地展开论述,善始善终地表达观点、陈述事实。所举论据能很好的支持论点。

  雅思小作文满分标准要点 2 ---- Coherence and Cohesion

  1. uses cohesion in such a way that it attracts no attention

  标准解读:

  好文章的最高境界就是:“连贯得让人没有感觉”。也就是说不刻意用连接词,不滥用模板句和过渡句, 而做到句与句之间逻辑清晰,语意连贯,连接词和短语的运用信手拈来,整个文章浑然一体。

  文章的连贯要注意以下几个问题:

  (1)段落衔接自然。

  (2)论证时注意思路清晰,过渡自然。好文章是由思想编织的。

  (3)适当运用连接词。对于雅思小作文写作来说,使用连接词的目的是为了更强大的逻辑引导和语气强调。

  2. skillfully manages paragraphing

  标准解读:

  熟练运用分段技巧,在进行段落划分时要注意以下几个问题:

  (1)根据文章脉络划分自然段

  (2)段落衔接自然

  (3)每段主旨和要点明确

  雅思小作文满分标准要点 3 ---- Lexical resource

  Uses a wide range of vocabulary with very natural and sophisticated control of lexical features; rare minor errors occur only as 'slips'.

  标准解读:

  用词要多样、精确、自然、有风格。个别小错误在所难免。

  1.多样:体现出多变的用词。考生不仅仅要会用最基础的词汇,同时要能体现出运用高端书面词汇的能力。 另外,考生还应注意变换地运用同义词,而不是重复同一个词。这一点对于雅思小作文写作尤为重要,例如考生在描述一条曲线的趋势时,经常会反复表达上升、下降、最高点、最低点等意义, 这就需要考生在日常的学习过程中,多注重相关词汇的积累。

  2.精确:所用词在句中语意连贯正确,词性准确,感情色彩贴切,用法地道,拼写无误。

  3.自然:灵活用词,不刻意堆砌辞藻,用词恰到好处,为文章的表意而服务。

  4.有风格:对于雅思小作文而言,考生在写作时应保持客观严谨的写作风格。

  5.小错误:满分文章也并非一点错误都没有。写作时不要为了刻意追求完美而影响了表意和流利度。

  雅思小作文满分标准要点 4 ---- Grammatical range and accuracy

  Uses a wide range of structures with full flexibility and accuracy; rare minor errors occur only as ‘slips’

  标准解读:

  1.Wide range of structures: 要体现出能运用各种句式结构的能力,包括简单句、各类从句、分词短语、并列句等等。

  2.Flexibility: 灵活运用各类句型。文章长短句交错,每句话的形式结构恰到好处,为合理传递信息表达思想而服务。

  3.Accuracy: 尽量避免语法错误,包括时态、语态、句式、标点的错误等。

  4.Rare minor errors: 满分作文也并非要完全避免语法错误。考生在写作时应在清晰表达思路的前提下,尽量注意语法问题。

  上述就是雅思小作文满分标准解读,非常的实用,希望可以供大家参考。

 

  雅思写作中如何使句型多样化

  词汇和句型的使用是雅思写作高分的关键点之一,那么雅思写作中如何使句型多样化?本文就相关的信息做整理,希望可以供大家参考。

  关键词:

  雅思写作中如何使句型多样化,雅思写作句型

  如果雅思写作中句子清一色是简单句,文章必定很单调乏味。如果全篇充满了冗长的复杂句,读起来也很费力。那么雅思写作中如何使句型多样化?

  在雅思写作学习当中,最好的方法是以简单句为基础,配合适当的并列句和复杂句。简单句可长可短,通常要加些附属成分,如分词短语、介词短语、副词短语、不定式动词短语,以及节缩成分。总之,雅思写作技巧作者可根据情况,使句子多样化,使文章灵活多姿。例如下列五个句子的基本概念一样,但是句式不同,内容重点也有些差别:

  (1) The goats grazed peacefully in the farm and were unaware of the approaching hunter. (并列分句(1)+2)

  (2) Grazing peacefully, the goats in the farm were unaware of the approaching hunter. (现在分语短语+简单句)

  (3) In the farm, the goats grazed peacefully and were unaware of the approaching hunter. (副词短语+并列分句(1)-(2) )

  (4) There were goats grazing peacefully in the farm, unaware of the approaching hunter. (简单句+形容语短语)

  (5) As the goats grazed peacefully in the farm, they were unaware of the approaching hunter. (原因副词从句+主句)

  (1)和(5)的句式最常见;如果加上其他三种互相交替,句子不是更多样化吗?最后,看看这两个句子要如何多样化呢?

  (6) The young pilot was on his first overseas training.

  (7) He felt very uneasy.

  (a) The young pilot on his first overseas training felt very uneasy.

  (b) The young pilot felt very uneasy during his first overseas training.

  (c) The young pilot's first overseas training made him feel very uneasy.

  (d) Extreme uneasiness seized the young pilot on his first overseas training.

  (e) The young pilot was on his first overseas training, feeling very uneasy.

  (f) It being his first overseas training, the young pilot felt very uneasy.

  (g) Being on his first overseas training, the young pilot felt very uneasy.

  (h) The young pilot was on his first overseas training and felt very uneasy.

  (i) The young pilot, who was on his first overseas training, felt very uneasy.

  (j) When the young pilot was on his/first overseas trainging, he felt very uneasy.

  (k) As the young pilot was on his first overseas training, he felt very uneasy.

  (l) The young pilot was on his first overseas training, so that he felt very uneasy.

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