雅思大作文有哪些类型

发布时间:2013-09-02 11:55:00 来源:杭州朗阁培训中心 编辑:杭州朗阁小编
  在雅思写作中,大作文句子的多样化是体现一个人英语语言水平的关键也是使文章获得高分的重点。那么,对于大作文的类型的话有哪些呢?下...

 

  在雅思写作中,大作文句子的多样化是体现一个人英语语言水平的关键也是使文章获得高分的重点。那么,对于大作文的类型的话有哪些呢?下面,我们就一起了解下吧!

  雅思作文一般来说可以分为十大类,你可以参考下面分类。

  1. 文化传统类

  Some people think that culture traditions may be destroyed when they are used as money-making attractions aimed to tourists. Others believe that it is the only way that traditions can be remained in the world. Discuss both and give your opinion.

  2. 青少年犯罪问题

  Recent figures of crimes committed by young people are increasing in major cities throughout the world. Discuss the possible reasons and how to solve it?

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  3. 教育类(1)

  In order to improve the quality of education, high school students should be encouraged to evaluate and criticize their teachers, but others think it will result in loss of respect and discipline in classroom. Discuss and give your opinion.

  4. 科技类

  Many employees may work at home with the modern technology. Some people claim that it can benefit only the workers, not the employers. Do you agree or disagree?

  5.国家政策类

  Some people think the government should pay for health care and education, but other people think it’s not government’s responsibility. Discuss both and give your opinion.

  6. 社会问题

  Many people think that public libraries should only provide books to readers and shouldn’t waste their limited funds on expensive high-tech media, such as computer software, DVD or videos. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

  7. 教育类(2)

  Some teachers say students should be organized into group study. Others argue that students should be made to study alone. What’s your opinion?

  8.冷门题(1)

  Food can be cheaper if we use improved facilities and better machinery . However, some of the methods may be dangerous for human health, and have negative effects on local community. What’s your opinion?

  9. 广告类

  Advertising is playing an important role in our modern society and we are confronted with various advertisements on a daily basis . Do the positive effects of advertising outweigh its negative effects? What is your opinion about modern advertising?

  10.冷门题(2)

  Some people say that the large amounts of money used in space research are not worthwhile . Instead, governments should make more efforts to improve the living conditions of humans on Earth. What is your opinion?

  当然,基本上雅思大作文的基本类型有以下几个:

  1.for&against,或者是advantage&disadvantage

  2.discussion

  3.to what extent do you agree or disagree

  4.cause&effect

  5.problem&solution.

  6.compare&contrast

  其中第六种很少考到,4和5被国内叫做report,实际上这两种是分开的.第一种for&against现在雅思考试中也比较少考,最多的是2和3

  其实在academic English writing里面,以上6种essay,每种都有自己的一套结构和写法,所以你指望说所谓的"万能模板"来搞定雅思写作,信了"春哥",雅思大作文就有6分,那是不可能的.

  这里就简单举cause&effect这类的essay来当例子,说说这样的essay,具体某一个body paragraph怎么写.

  首先,你要有个topic sentence,.接下来,在cause&effect这样的一对逻辑关系中,你要做的就是把一个一个cause和effect用逻辑关系链接起来.注意每个cause&effect的组合中的effect都可以变成下一对组合中的cause.

  雅思写作的类型问题有哪些呢?

  一、在原因段的论述中,建议考生们在每列举一个原因后记得用示例或者因果对于列举的原因继续展开讨论。每个原因间用列举的连词隔开。比如:

  In my opinion, most people commit crimes because they want something they cannot have. Advertising intensifies the desire for luxury goods and celebrity lifestyles, and although it is necessary to promote sales and improve the economy, it can encourage feelings of greed and jealousy. In addition to this, young people especially are vulnerable to peer pressure. For instance, they may be influenced by their friends to start taking drugs or stealing cars for fun.

  在上面这个例子中,作者罗列了犯罪的2个原因,即贪婪和同辈的压力。在原因表达以后,作者分别各自用了一个因果和例子来继续发展。请注意,第一个原因后的那个句子是解释贪婪的原因,属于因果法;而第二个原因后作者是通过举例的方式来进一步论述。

  二、解决方案段

  在提供解决方案的时候,我们一般也是先用列举的方式罗列各种方案,但是在方案之后我们可以有多种发展方式,一个是介绍如何实施,一个是讨论这个方案的优点,最后就是解释为什么会有这个方案的提出。以下我们来看二个例子:

  It seems to me that poorer nations would benefit more from education and training 方案than financial aid. Professionals from all fields can donate some of their time to teaching local people new skills, 如何实施 and as a consequence, they will be able to teach others in turn. 方案的优点 As poverty is caused by ignorance, 为什么会有这个方案的提出so education is the key to prosperity. When financial donations are made, foreign governments need to ensure that there is a system which can account for their distribution如何实施 so that the money does not disappear. Thus, it is more likely to be used for the development of the country’s infrastructure, and in helping the poor and needy. 方案的优点


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