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2013年雅思阅读模拟试题和答案(3)

发布时间:2013-09-10 10:03:22 来源:杭州朗阁培训中心 编辑:杭州朗阁小编
  流题型——填空题和判断题,在考试当中呈现一个略微下降的趋势,尤其是填空题,在8月份仅仅出现了3次,并且在7月份大量出现的有选项式

 

  流题型——填空题和判断题,在考试当中呈现一个略微下降的趋势,尤其是填空题,在8月份仅仅出现了3次,并且在7月份大量出现的有选项式填空题在8月份只出现了一次,所以难度上是有所降低的。但是判断题基本维持一个不变的情况。

  第一次出现的完成句子题实际上是Summary题的一个变体,把一个Summary题的每个句子分开,就变成了一个完成句子题,所以填空题实际上还是保持着主流题型这样一个趋势的。

  选择题的数量与之前预计的差不多,在8月份的每次考试都会出现的。

  配对题既出现了一个新的题型,又出现了两个以前一直在考的题型,即配对题依然是考察的重点,而且在8月份的考试中,三种类型的题型分布是非常平均的。

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  最后看一下小题型,在之前的6月份、7月份都出现了流程图这样的题,而且在7月份还出现了表格题,但是在8月份只出现了简答题,所以小题型是呈现出一个下降的趋势。但是也可以把完成句子题看作是一种小题型,所以说小题型也是在近段时间出现,并且它的分布也是非常平均。

  所以从总体上讲,8月份整体出题难度相比7月份而言是持平的,或者有下降的趋势。

  下面,杭州朗阁小编为大家整理了2013年雅思考试阅读模拟练习及答案(3),大家可以在平时备考的时候多拿出来看下!

  How shops can exploit people's herd mentality to increase sales

  1.A TRIP to the supermarket may not seem like an exercise in psychological warfare—but it is.Shopkeepers know that filling a store with the aroma of freshly baked bread makes people feel hungry and persuades them to buy more food than they had intended.Stocking the most expensive products at eye level makes them sell faster than cheaper but less visible competitors.Now researchers are investigating how “swarm intelligence” (that is,how ants,bees or any social animal,including humans,behave in a crowd) can be used to influence what people buy.

  2.At a recent conference on the simulation of adaptive behaviour in Rome,Zeeshan-ul-hassan Usmani,a computer scientist from the Florida Institute of Technology,described a new way to increase impulse buying using this phenomenon.Supermarkets already encourage shoppers to buy things they did not realise they wanted: for instance,by placing everyday items such as milk and eggs at the back of the store,forcing shoppers to walk past other tempting goods to reach them.Mr Usmani and Ronaldo Menezes,also of the Florida Institute of Technology,set out to enhance this tendency to buy more by playing on the herd instinct.The idea is that,if a certain product is seen to be popular,shoppers are likely to choose it too.The challenge is to keep customers informed about what others are buying.

  3.Enter smart-cart technology.In Mr Usmani's supermarket every product has a radio frequency identification tag,a sort of barcode that uses radio waves to transmit information,and every trolley has a scanner that reads this information and relays it to a central computer.As a customer walks past a shelf of goods,a screen on the shelf tells him how many people currently in the shop have chosen that particular product.If the number is high,he is more likely to select it too.

  4.Mr Usmani's “swarm-moves” model appeals to supermarkets because it increases sales without the need to give people discounts.And it gives shoppers the satisfaction of knowing that they bought the “right” product—that is,the one everyone else bought.The model has not yet been tested widely in the real world,mainly because radio frequency identification technology is new and has only been installed experimentally in some supermarkets.But Mr Usmani says that both Wal-Mart in America and Tesco in Britain are interested in his work,and testing will get under way in the spring.

  5.Another recent study on the power of social influence indicates that sales could,indeed,be boosted in this way.Matthew Salganik of Columbia University in New York and his colleagues have described creating an artificial music market in which some 14,000 people downloaded previously unknown songs.The researchers found that when people could see the songs ranked by how many times they had been downloaded,they followed the crowd.When the songs were not ordered by rank,but the number of times they had been downloaded was displayed,the effect of social influence was still there but was less pronounced.People thus follow the herd when it is easy for them to do so.

  6.In Japan a chain of convenience shops called RanKing RanQueen has been ordering its products according to sales data from department stores and research companies.The shops sell only the most popular items in each product category,and the rankings are updated weekly.Icosystem,a company in Cambridge,Massachusetts,also aims to exploit knowledge of social networking to improve sales.

  7.And the psychology that works in physical stores is just as potent on the internet.Online retailers such as Amazon are adept at telling shoppers which products are popular with like-minded consumers.Even in the privacy of your home,you can still be part of the swarm.

  Questions 1-6

  Complete the sentences below with words taken from the reading passage.Use NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.

  1.Shopowners realize that the smell of _______________ can increase sales of food products.

  2.In shops,products shelved at a more visible level sell better even if they are more _______________.

  3.According to Mr.Usmani,with the use of “swarm intelligence” phenomenon,a new method can be applied to encourage _______________.

  4.On the way to everyday items at the back of the store,shoppers might be tempted to buy _______________.

  5.If the number of buyers shown on the _______________ is high,other customers tend to follow them.

  6.Using the “swarm-moves” model,shopowners do not have to give customers _______________ to increase sales.

  Questions 7-12

  Do the following statements agree with the information given in the reading passage? For questions 7-12 write

  YES if the statement agrees with the information

  NO if the statement contraicts the information

  NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this in the passage

  7.Radio frequency identification technology has been installed experimentally in big supermarkets like Wal-Mart.

  8.People tend to download more unknown songs than songs they are familiar with.

  9.Songs ranked high by the number of times being downloaded are favored by customers.

  10.People follow the others to the same extent whether it is convenient or not.

  11.Items sold in some Japanese stores are simply chosen according to the sales data of other shops.

  12.Swarm intelligence can also be observed in everyday life.

  Answer keys:

  1.答案:(freshly baked) bread.(第1段第2行:Shoppers know that filling a store with the aroma of freshly baked bread makes people feel hungry and persuades them to buy more food than they intended.)

  2.答案:expensive.(第1段第4行: Stocking the most expensive products at eye level makes them sell faster than cheaper but less visible competitors.)

  3.答案:impulse buying.(第2段第1句:At a recent conference on the simulation of adaptive behaviour in Rome,Zeeshan-ul-hassan Usmani,a computer scientist from the Florida Institute of Technology,described a new way to increase impulse buying using this phenomenon.)

  4.答案:other (tempting) goods/things/products.(第2段第2句:Supermarkets already encourage shoppers to buy things they did not realise they wanted: for instance,by placing everyday items such as milk and eggs at the back of the store,forcing shoppers to walk past other tempting goods to reach them.)

  5.答案:screen.(第3段第4行:As a customer walks past a shelf of goods,a screen on the shelf tells him how many people currently in the shop have chosen that particular product.If the number is high,he is more likely to select it too.)

  6.答案:discounts.(第4段第第1句:Mr Usmani's “swarm-moves” model appeals to supermarkets because it increases sales without the need to give people discounts.)

  7.答案:NO.(第4段第3、4句:The model has not yet been tested widely in the real world,mainly because radio frequency identification technology is new and has only been installed experimentally in some supermarkets.But Mr Usmani says that both Wal-Mart in America an Tesco in Britain are interestd in his workd,and testing will get under way in the spring.短语 “get under way”的意思是“开始进行”,在Wal-Mart的试验要等到春天才开始)

  8.答案:NOT GIVEN.(在文中没有提及该信息)

  9.答案:YES。(第5段第3句:The reseachers found that when people could see the songs ranked by how many times they have been downloaded,they followed the crowd.)

  10.答案:NO。(第5段最后两句:When the songs are not ordered by rank,but the number of times they had been downloaded was displayed,the effect of social influence was still there but was less pronounced.People thus follow the herd when it is easy for them to do so.pronounced的词义是“显著的、明显的”)

  11.答案:YES。(第6段第1句:In Japan a chain of convenience shops called RanKing RanQueen has been ordering its products according to sales data from department stores and research companies.)

  12.答案:YES。(最后一段最后一句:Even in the privacy of your home,you can still be part of the swarm.home应该算是everyday life的一部分)

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  • 英语程度: 初高中 四六级 六级以上
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