feminist n. 男女平等主义者，女权扩张论者
unruly a. 不受拘束的，不守规矩的，蛮横的，难驾驭的
allure n. 魅力，吸引力
escendant n. 子孙，后裔，后代
rhetoric a. 花言巧语的
bloodshed n. 血缘关系
stature n. 声望，地位
foster vt. 养育，培养
flattering a. 讨人喜欢的，奉承的
traumatic a. 痛苦而难忘的
insecure a. 不可靠的，不安全的，危险的
compelling a. 引人注目的
score vt. 成功的获得
fraudulent a. 欺诈的，欺骗性的，骗得的
wig n. 假发
thrilling n. 惊心动魄的，使人感动的
privilege n. 特权，特别待遇
eccentric n. 古怪人
lovable a. 可爱的
shrewd a. 精明的
town folk n. 镇上的人
eccentricity n. 怪癖
legendary a. 传奇似的
severely a. 严厉地
elaborate a. 精心构思的
conscious a. 意识到的
on another occasion 还有一次
sense of humour 幽默感
Sb. have a good sense of humour 某人很有幽默感
rely on sb. / sth. 依赖
be weak with age 年老体弱
He is aging fast.
a strong and decisive leader 强有力而又坚决果断的领导人
Some people consider his behavior a little bit odd，however，I appreciate him very much.
More recently，historians have studied her as a feminist icon， exploring the ramifications of her position as a woman in authority.
True eccentrics never deliberately set out to draw attention to themselves. They disregard social conventions without being conscious that they are doing anything extraordinary. This invariably wins them the love and respect of others， for they add color to the dull routine of everyday life.
Up to the time of his death，John was one of the most notable figures in our town.
He was a shrewd and wealthy business-man.
He is bald and has large ears.
She is the funniest person I have ever come across.
经典句型：It takes sb. some time to do sth.
The old man was on the point of death.
To be in the elder's company is like reading a thick book of de luxe edition that fascinates one so much as to be reluctant to part with.
We are all going to be old one day.
Nowadays in North America it’s common to see older people holding hands on the street and I think it’s nice， because they still have some romance left in the relationship.
It a common tradition in China that children live together with their parents until they are married， and often children still live with the parents after they are married.
In China the grandparents stay on with the family and look after the grandchildren while the parents are at work.
In North America， old people usually live alone. If they are too old to take care of themselves， or if they’re really old， day over 75， then they usually live in old-folk’s homes， nursing homes， or special apartment complexes designed for senior people.
I do think that living together with the parents when we marry would be nice for the child’s stability and would also let the parents feel like an important part of the family.
It looks like it depends on how rich a family is weather to live with the parent when we marry or not.
That’s the trouble in some cases. Living with people of different generations isn’t always easy. It requires some sacrifices and tolerance of other’s behavior.
In China it’s often the mother-in-law and the daughter-in-law who don’t get on well enough， until both sides agree to live apart. And it’s socially acceptable if the younger couple help the old couple in ways that are necessary. Well， for example， when the parents are strong enough to live on their own the children are expected to help when needed. When the parents are too old to take care of themselves， they should be moved back to the children’s home where they are properly fed， clothed and sheltered.
A common stereotype of older Americans is that they are usually "put away" in nursing homes and forgotten about. Actually， only about 5 percent live in some type of institution. More than half of those 65 or older live with or near at least one of their children. The vast majority of the elderly live alone and take care of themselves. According to the U.S. Census Bureau， 75 percent own their own homes. Over a million senior adults live in retirement communities. These provide residents with meals， recreation， companionship， medical care and a safe environment.
One important cause of the generation gap in the China nowadays is the opportunity that young people have to choose their own life-styles. In the past， China is more traditional， and when children grow up， they are expected to live in the same area as their parents， to marry people that their people know and approve of， and often to continue the family occupation. But now， a increasing number of young people often travel great distances for their education， move out of the family home at an early age， marry—or live with—people whom their parents have never met and choose occupations different from those of their parents.
Also， the speed at which changes are taking place in China is another cause of the gap between the generations. In the past， elderly people are valued for their wisdom， but now the knowledge of a lifetime may become obsolete overnight. The young and the old seem to live in two very different worlds， separated by different skills and abilities.
At 82 he was ready to die， and I was ready to let him go so that his suffering would end. We laughed and cried and held hands and told each other of our love and agreed that it was time. I said，“Dad， after you have gone I want a sign from you that you are fine，” He laughed at the absurdity of that； Dad didn't believe in reincarnation. I wasn't positive I did either， but I had had many experiences that convinced me I could get some signal“ from the other side”.
My father and I were so deeply connected I felt his heart attack in my chest at the moment he died. Later I mourned that the hospital， in their sterile wisdom， had not let me hold his hand as he had slipped away.
父亲和我是如此血肉相连，以致他死的那一刻，我胸中也感到他的心力衰竭。后来我很悲哀：医务人员为防传染 ，父亲悄然离世时，没让我握着他的 手 。
☆ 关于老龄化问题(Old-age Boom)
It’s time-honored virtue to respect the elderly. That’s why their own flesh and blood are supposed to look after them.
Well-being / Farewell is something， because seniors will lead a much more comfortable life.
We all like to imagine that we're getting wiser and not just older. Most of us enjoy observing the miracle of growth in others， as well. For instance， seeing our children develop and learn new things makes us feel proud.
Growing old is not exactly pleasant for people in youth-oriented American culture. Most Americans like to look young， act young and feel young. As the old saying goes， "You're as young as you feel." Older people joke about how many years young they are， rather than how many years old. People in some countries value the aged as a source of experience and wisdom. But Americans seem to favor those that are young， or at least "young at heart."
在美国这个以年轻人为中心的社会中，老化对人们而言并不是一件愉快的事，大部份的美国人都希望自己看起来年轻、行动年轻、并且感觉年轻，如一句古老的名言说：「你感觉自己有多年轻，你就有多年轻。」老年人说自己的年龄时常开玩笑说自己是多少 years young，而不说多少 years old 。某些文化中的人视老年人为经验与智能的资源，可是美国人似乎比较喜欢年轻人，或者至少是「心里年轻」的人。
Many older Americans find the "golden years" to be anything but golden. Economically， "senior citizens" often struggle just to get by. Retirement-typically at age 65-brings a sharp decrease in personal income. Social Security benefits usually cannot make up the difference. Older people may suffer from poor nutrition， medical care and housing. Some even experience age discrimination. In 1987， American sociologist Pat Moore dressed up like an older person and wandered city streets. She was often treated rudely-even cheated and robbed. However， dressed as a young person， she received much more respect. Of course， not all elderly Americans have such negative experiences. But old age does present unique challenges.
Ironically， the elderly population in America is expanding-fast. Why？ People are living longer. Fewer babies are being born. And middle-aged "baby boomers" are rapidly entering the ranks of the elderly. America may soon be a place where wrinkles are "in." Marketing experts are already focusing on this growing group of consumers. And even now the elderly have a great deal of political power. The American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)， with over 30 million members， has a strong voice in Washington.
Despite the challenges they face， Americans in their "twilight years" generally refuse to give up on life. They find a variety of ways to keep themselves active. To help them stay in shape， they may join mall walkers clubs， fitness programs and even the "Senior Olympics." They can enjoy hours of entertainment at senior centers and adult amusement parks. Many enroll in continuing education programs to maintain their mental skills.