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托福写作三种加分点

发布时间:2012-11-15 13:41:16 来源:杭州朗阁培训中心 编辑:杭州朗阁小编
一、句式变化  1. 变换句子的开头结构  名词做主语  介词短语作状语  副词作状语  状语从句  分词短语作状语  形容词短语作...
一、句式变化

  1. 变换句子的开头结构

  名词做主语

  介词短语作状语

  副词作状语

  状语从句

  分词短语作状语

  形容词短语作状语

  主语从句

  不定式短语做主语或状语

  动名词做主语

  To begin with, even in such areas as computer science, where it is estimated that much of what a student learns today will be obsolete in just five years, an advanced degree and the education it represents will continue to be of benefit. Unlike undergraduate education, which is divided into a number of small educational units every term, post-baccalaureate education is concentrated on deeper learning in fewer areas. Moreover, most graduate education requires extended, critical focus on complex issues or research projects. And even if the technical information relevant to completing a graduate-level project becomes outmoded, the learned critical methods and problem-solving approaches will not.

  2. 使用不同的句型结构

  Today’s education system places too much emphasis on students’ desires rather than their needs. Accordingly, students are searching for the easy way out, and educators are willingly conspiring with them. As opposed to this trend, I would argue that students should study what is presented to them rather than what is desired by them. Not only should educators determine the curriculum, but also they should strive to insure that each individual student truly gains from his/her education, rather than just breezes through it.

  二、承上启下

  1. 表示结论

  in conclusion

  in sum

  to conclude

  to sum up

  2. 表示肯定程度

  certainly

  clearly

  obviously

  plainly

  apparently

  surely

  undoubtedly

  naturally

  for certain

  for sure

  of course

  never

  always

  possibly

  perhaps

  likely

  probably

  potentially

  presumably

  to some extend

  in a large sense

  generally speaking

  in a sense

  generally

  in some sense

  normally

  ideally

  3. 引出新观点

  first

  second

  third

  finally

  in the first place

  in the second place

  last but not least

  first of all

  next

  another

  In addition

  additionally

  further

  furthermore

  moreover

  also

  likewise

  similarly

  more importantly

  imagine

  suppose

  most importantly

  for one thing

  for another

  4. 引出详细解释

  specifically

  particularly

  for example

  for instance

  in this case

  in that case

  as well as

  in that

  such as

  in addition to

  5. 表示对照或其他观点

  otherwise

  however

  nevertheless

  though

  although

  yet

  meanwhile

  while

  But

  instead

  still

  anyway

  unlike

  on the contrary

  by contrast

  by comparison

  in any case

  at any rate

  in spite of

  rather than

  on the one hand

  on the other hand

  even if

  apart from

  instead of

  even so
  6. 表示证据出现

  since

  because

  actually

  in fact

  as a matter of fact

  as a result

  due to

  owing to

  7. 表示推理

  as a result

  accordingly

  consequently

  hence

  thus

  ultimately

  thereby

  therefore

  as a consequence

  if so

  if not

  according to

  8. 表示反复说明

  in other words

  briefly

  that is

  三、巧用修辞

  1. 排比对称结构

  Despite all the evidence, experts continue to debate weather global warming exists, how extensive the problem is, what the likely effects will be and whether any remedy is possible.

  Despite all the evidence, experts continue to debate the existence of global warming, the extent of the problem, its likely effects and any possible remedy.

  2. 比喻

  (1)明喻:比喻词出现:as, like, as if…

  In many ways, no doubt, our world grows more and more complex, sputniks cannot be simple; yet how many of our complexities remain futile, how many of our artificialities false. Simplicity too can be subtle-as the straight lines of a Greek temple, like the Parthenon at Athens, are delicately curved in order to look straighter still.

  (2)暗喻:比喻词不出现。

  America has given the Negro people a bad check, which has come back marked insufficient funds.

  3. 对照:加深印象

  Extremism in defense of liberty is no vice; moderation is the pursuit of justice is no virtue.

  4. 类比

  The Negro has a callus growing on his soul and it is getting harder and harder to hurt him here. That is a simple law of nature. Like a callus on the foot in a shoe that is too tight. The foot is nature’s and that shoe was put on by man. The tight shoe will pinch your foot and make you holler and scream. But sooner or later, if you do not take the shoe off, a callus will form on the foot and begin to wear out the shoe.

  It is the same with the Negro in America. That shoe-the white man’s system—has pinched and rubbed and squeezed his soul until it has almost destroyed him. But it did not. And how a callus has formed on his soul, and unless that system is adjusted to fit him, too, that callus is going to wear our that system.

  5. 拟人

  Dawn was beginning to prowl about the sky and put out the starts.

  6. 夸张

  For she was beautiful—her beauty made the bright world dim, and everything beside seemed like the fleeting image of a shade.
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