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杭州托福听力答题要遵循的原则归总

发布时间:2017-11-08 10:25:36 来源:杭州朗阁培训中心 编辑:杭州朗阁小编
托福听力是托福考试中重要的一部分,所以面对托福听力考试,有几大原则需要考生知晓。接下来杭州朗阁小编为大家逐一列出托福听力答题原则,希望大家在考试中可以运用。
  托福听力是托福考试中重要的一部分,所以面对托福听力考试,有几大原则需要考生知晓。接下来杭州朗阁小编为大家逐一列出托福听力答题原则,希望大家在考试中可以运用。
杭州托福听力
 
  托福听力答题原则一:问答原则和强调原则相结合
 
  例如:TPO16 lecture 3
 
  Why does the professor say this?
 
  A. To explain her reasoning.
 
  B. To indicate why her belief was wrong.
 
  C. To give an example of a decision beavers make.
 
  D. To explain the reason beavers travel far for wood.
 
  本道题目所对应的原文为Will it travel farther for a larger tree than It will for a smaller tree?(问答原则) Now(强调原则) I would have thought the bigger the tree, the farther the beaver would be willing to travel for it. That would make sense, right?
 
  学生通过自问自答的问答方式提出了海狸会为了一棵大树走得更远吗?然后通过强调词NOW回答说,我当然会觉得如果the bigger the tree,the farther,海狸为了获得这些树木的木材而进行远距离走动的意愿也就越大。最后学生通过反义疑问句结束自己的对话,这的确能说通,是吧?因此可以推断出学生通过自己的思路进行再问自答,是为了解释自己的推论,因此答案为A选项。
 
  托福听力答题原则二:因果原则和转折原则相结合
 
  例如:TPO16 lecture 4
 
  During the Middle Ages, what was one of the first steps that artists used in making a stained-glass window?
 
  A. They drew the design onto the top of a table.
 
  B. They created models of the design with lead strips.
 
  C. They drew an outline of the design directly onto a piece of glass.
 
  D. They painted the design on paper.
 
  本道题在文章中对应的原文为Back then, the artists made their own glass, but(转折原则) first they came up with the design. Paper was scarce and expensive, so(因果原则)typically they drew the design onto a white table top.通过分析原文可知,文章中包含了but和so的引导的句子,如果在听的时候通过转折原则和因果原则都可以把重点信息记录下来,通过这两个原则相结合可以体现这段音频的重要性。因此这是需要我们给予重视的。通过分析可以的得知刚开始他们想到的设计,由于当时纸张较贵,就画在桌子上。因此答案为A选项。
 
  托福听力答题原则三:特殊人名地名原则和强调原则
 
  例如,TPO16,conversation 2
 
  What will the student do this weekend?
 
  A. Take a trip with his medieval history class.
 
  B. Practice speaking French.
 
  C. Attend an awards ceremony.
 
  D. Write a paper about Montreal.
 
  通过题目中的this weekend 可以定位原文为,The main reason(强调原则之语义强调) I wanted to go is that we’ll be rooming with French speaking Students there, you know, so(因果原则)we can get a chance to use our French to actually talk with real French speakers.在听的过程中,通过强调原则和和因果原则,记录关键信息rooming with French speaking和to use our French to actually talk因此可以知道学生在这周末要练习说法语,即B选项。
杭州托福听力
 
  通过以上托福听力做题原则的讲述,相信大家对此有了更深的了解。另外希望大家在托福备考阶段加强对听力的练习以及词汇的扩展,最后祝大家考试顺利,取得理想中的考试成绩!如想了解更多考试的信息,欢迎点击上方咨询图标。
 
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