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新托福独立写作例题分析

发布时间:2013-04-09 15:22:45 来源:杭州朗阁培训中心 编辑:杭州朗阁小编
  为了方便广大考生复习和迎考,杭州新托福为大家搜集整理了新托福独立写作例题分析,供大家参考使用,希望会对大家有所帮助。  从应考...
  为了方便广大考生复习和迎考,杭州新托福为大家搜集整理了新托福独立写作例题分析,供大家参考使用,希望会对大家有所帮助。
  从应考方面而言,在接触一个新托福独立写作的题目时,我们必须要掌握的是文章的结构。严谨的结构对观点的表达有事半功倍的作用。ETS公布的185题库的题目和近几年的托福网考考题,除了话题上的共性外,在问题模式上和雅思议论文一样,可以归为固定的几类问题模式:
  描述解释型
  比较对比型
  二选一型
  【话题1】私家车的影响
  有一个分论点是写私家车数量的增加对生活环境有着明显的负面影响。这里的主题词就是私家车的数量及生活环境,如果用举例的方法进行论证的话,例子中就可以将私家车在不同时间段的数量进行对比,从而引申到其影响的对比:N年前私家车很少,环境很好,然后私家车变多以后,环境就变差了。具体例子可写成:
  10 years ago, in my childhood memory, the city which I live in now is one of the most beautiful cities I have ever seen. The blue sky and the clean water were quite impressive to me. However, 3 years ago, when I came back to this city again, I was astonished by those changes. The city developed rapidly during those days. There are far more private cars than years ago on the road every day. On average, every household has one or two cars. The city may be described as "developed" now, while the sky here is never as clear as ever.
  这个例子当中所用的词汇、句型基本都是中学所学过的。但是其中用到了我们刚才所谈的第一个技巧,加上了时间细节,也用到了第二个技巧,扣紧了主题,说明了私家车变多之前和之后的变化。这个例子看上去文采平实,但却符合托福考试的评分规范,单就这个例子而言,是可以达到SCORE4~5的高分的。
  考生们要注意,写完例子以后,一定要再结合论点强调说明
  这一点不难理解,却是很多考生所忽视的。朗阁海外考试研究中心再次强调,例子的存在是为了更好地论证论点的,因此在写完例子以后,需要再加上至少1~2句话重申一下文章的个人论点。这样即能保证例子与主旨的完美结合,又在结构上形成了一个完整的论述段落。
  【话题2】If you could travel back in time to meet a famous person from history, what person would you like to meet? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. 如果让你见一位历史名人,你会选择谁?
  同学们的答案丰富多彩,有选择孔子的,有选择秦始皇的,还有选择武则天、杨贵妃、西施、貂蝉的。其实,这道题我们选择谁都可以,只要符合一个前提:这个人我们熟悉。因为,只有熟悉这个人,我们才能够做到有话可说。好,我们就以孔子为例。于是,我们就写出以下一段文字。
  Confucius was a Chinese thinker and social philosopher, whose teachings and philosophy have deeply influenced Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Taiwanese and Vietnamese thought and life. His philosophy emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. These values gained prominence in China over other doctrines, such as Legalism  or Taoism during the Han Dynasty. Confucius' thoughts have been developed into a system of philosophy known as Confucianism. It was introduced to Europe by the Jesuit Matteo Ricci, who was the first to Latinise the name as "Confucius." His teachings may be found in the Analects of Confucius, a collection of "brief aphoristic fragments", which was compiled many years after his death. Modern historians do not believe that any specific documents can be said to have been written by Confucius, but for nearly 2,000 years he was thought to be the editor or author of all the Five Classics such as the Classic of Rites, and the Spring and Autumn Annals。
  有了这段文字之后,我们就可以去联系其他的作文题目了。看一看,这个例子能不能用到别的作文题目中去,从而减少我们的写作备考压力,做到“一例多用”。
  以上就是杭州新托福培训为大家搜集整理的新托福独立写作例题分析,大家可以参考一下。如果想了解更多相关内容,欢迎您继续关注我们。最后,朗阁祝烤鸭们考试顺利,加油!
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