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雅思阅读干扰题分析

发布时间:2013-04-19 15:35:11 来源:朗阁培训中心 编辑:朗阁小编

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  为帮助考生们更好地复习和备考迎考,杭州雅思为各位考生整理了雅思阅读干扰题分析。考生们可以参考一下,以方便备考。  雅思阅读中的...
  为帮助考生们更好地复习和备考迎考,杭州雅思为各位考生整理了雅思阅读干扰题分析。考生们可以参考一下,以方便备考。
  雅思阅读中的干扰项,重要干扰项就是指,这种选项虽然不是正确答案,却与原文不冲突(或者很难判断是否与原文冲突),它们与正确答案看起来比较相似,只不过不如正确答案更准确、更完整或更严谨。
  【雅思阅读原文】The box below gives a list of responses A-P to the questionnaire discussed in Reading Passage 1.
  Answer the following questions by choosing the correct responses A-P.
  Write your answers in boxes 9-13 on your answer sheet.
  9. What was the children’s most frequent response when asked where the rainforests were?
  10. What was the most common response to the question about the importance of the rainforests?
  11. What did most children give as the reason for the loss of rainforests?
  12. Why did most children think it important for the rainforest to be protected?
  13. Which of the response is cited as unexpectedly uncommon, given the amount of time spent on the issue by the newspapers and television?
  A There is a complicated combination of reasons for the loss of the rainforests.
  B The rainforests are being destroyed by the same things that are destroying
  the forests of Western Europe.
  C Rainforests are located near the Equator.
  D Brazil is home to the rainforests.
  E Without rainforests some animals would have nowhere to live.
  F Rainforests are important habitats for a lot of plants.
  G People are responsible for the loss of the rainforest.
  H The rainforests are a source of oxygen.
  I Rainforests are of consequence for a number of different reasons.
  J As the rainforests are destroyed, the world gets warmer.
  K Without rainforests there would not be enough oxygen in the air.
  L There are people for whom the rainforests are home.
  M Rainforests are found in Africa.
  N Rainforests are not really important to human life.
  O The destruction of the rainforests is the direct result of logging activity.
  P Humans depend on the rainforests for their continuing existence.
  该题目题干为简答题形式,但题后给出了备选项,又看似匹配题题型。但若要将其作为匹配题解答,会陷入一个两难境地:用题干定位则信息太长,用选项定位则信息过多。这个题目让很多同学感觉无从下手。
  我们换个角度来考虑:题干形式是五个问题,根据题目描述可知原文有提及一份调查问卷(a questionnaire),那么我们不妨回原文先定位一下questionnaire这个词。查找后发现,questionnaire一词出现在文章第四段落的第二句话中:Secondary school children were asked to complete a questionnaire containing five open-form questions. 而本句中的“five open-form questions”很明显将在文中引起一个并列型结构,且数字5恰巧对应题干问题的数量。这种吻合显然不会单纯是个巧合,这里就是该题目出题位置。
  因此,接下来,我们迅速在文中找出这个并列型结构的层次位置:
  First question位于第四段落第三句话:The most frequent responses to the first question were descriptions which are self-evident from the term ‘rainforest’.
  Second question 位于第四段落第五句话:The second question concerned the geographical location of rainforests.
  Third question 在文章的第五段落首句:Responses to question three concerned the importance of rainforests.
  Fourth question 位于文章第七段落首句:The fourth question concerned the causes of the destruction of rainforests.
  Fifth question在文章第九段首句:In answer to the final question about the importance of rainforest conservation, the majority of children simply said that we need rainforest to survive.
扩展阅读:雅思阅读背景知识:素描    雅思背景知识:元宵猜灯谜
  以上就是杭州雅思培训为大家整理的雅思阅读干扰题分析。想了解更多相关信息和学习技巧,欢迎您访问我们的网站。朗阁祝烤鸭们考试顺利!
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