雅思(IELTS)词汇分类:生物相关词汇

发布时间:2013-11-12 11:33:58 来源:杭州朗阁培训中心 编辑:杭州朗阁小编
  随着生物知识在雅思考试中出现的越来越频繁,杭州朗阁为大家整理了生物相关的词汇,希望对大家的雅思考试有所帮助!  1. infest v....

 

  随着生物知识在雅思考试中出现的越来越频繁,杭州朗阁为大家整理了生物相关的词汇,希望对大家的雅思考试有所帮助!
  1. infest v. (of something harmful, dangerous, or unwanted) to be present (in a place) in large numbers or to a great degree (大量危害物)出没于; 侵扰; 骚扰: It would be crazy to swim in these shark-infested waters.
  近义语汇
  swarm: The place was swarming with tourists.
  teem: This river teems with all kinds of fish in summer.
  overrun: The stables are overrun with rats.
  beset: The plan was beset with difficulties from the beginning.
  2. habitat n. the natural home of a plant or animal (动植物的)栖息地或产地: I prefer to see animals in their natural habitat, rather than in zoos.
  相关语汇
  habitation: The dilapidated hut is unfit for human habitation.
  habitable: Their damp house is scarcely habitable.
  uninhabitable: The planet Jupiter is uninhabitable.
  inhabit: Woodpeckers inhabit hollow trees.
  3. torpid a. (esp. of an animal that sleeps through the winter) having lost the power of feeling or moving; lazy or inactive; moving or thinking slowly (冬眠动物)失去活动能力的; 处于蛰伏状态的: The heat and humidity made us feel torpid.
  近义语汇
  lethargic: The weather made her listless and lethargic.
  sluggish: sluggish traffic; a sluggish economy
  dormant: During the winter the seeds lie dormant in the soil.
  latent: These children have a huge reserve of latent talent.
  4. lifespan n. the average length of life of a sort of animal or plant or the time for which a material object will last (动植物的)平均寿命; (物品的) 使用年限: Men have a short lifespan than women.
  相关语汇
  life expectancy or expectation of life 预期寿命; 平均(期望)寿命:
  Life expectancy for men is about 78 years in Japan.
  解构分析
  span n. 指一段时间或(桥梁)跨度/全长: attention span; memory span;
  an unbroken span of concentration; The bridge crosses the river in a single span.
  span v. 跨越/横跨; 延伸/贯穿: His interests spanned a wide range of
  subjects. The game has a history spanning three centuries.故lifespan的直意为"生命的跨度"
  5. metabolism n. the system of chemical activities by which a living thing gains power(energy), esp. from food 新陈代谢: The metabolism is slowed down by extreme cold.
  同源语汇
  metabolic: People who have inherited a low metabolic rate will gain weight.
  metabolize: Diabetics cannot metabolize glucose properly.
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